Mrs. Amy Hartle
7th Grade English Language Arts
Reading Information 7.4, 7.5 & 7.6- Author's Craft and Structure
RI 7.4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
- Students examine the text to understand the meaning of words or phrases using the context to inform their thinking.
- Students analyze how a word chosen by the author affects the meaning and tone of text.
RI 7.5: Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to the development of the ideas.
- Students examine the organizational structure of a text, including how chapters or subsections add to the overall text and to the progression of its ideas.
- Students create a diagram of the text’s structure and annotate the diagram, explaining how each major section contributes to the text as a whole and to the development of ideas.
RI 7.6: Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others.
- Students establish the author’s beliefs about a subject or his/her reason for writing a text (to inform, persuade, entertain, describe) and explain how the author makes his/her point of view unique or noteworthy.
- Students analyze the text through these three lenses:
- “What is the author’s opinion about the topic of this text?”
- “What details support this viewpoint?”
- “How does this author distinguish his/her position from others?
Seventh-grade students develop the ability to gather more than one piece of evidence to support their thinking about the texts they read. Students need to be able to find pieces of relevant evidence that not only support their thinking but are linked together to a common idea or conclusion.
Seventh-grade students take notice of the author’s use of coherent language to build relationships between ideas and evidence in a text. They can use a partner, small group and whole class discussion as well as note-taking and graphic organizers to clarify their thinking about the development of the author’s theme over time within a text.
Seventh-grade students read the text closely to analyze the impact specific story elements have on the text. For example, they may think of how the plot and setting affect the actions/choices of the characters. To do so, students will need to read across various genres (widely and deeply) and use a comparison tool (graphic organizer) to take note of the relationships.
Seventh-grade students strengthen their ability to understand the meaning of an author’s words. Teachers may instruct students to use their knowledge of word parts to determine the meaning of an unknown word and provide strategies for using context clues. Students will observe how words and phrases often have deeper meanings that require investigation. To do this work, students may keep a running list of figurative language found in their independent reading books with corresponding inferences regarding their varied meaning(s).